A brief overview on dynamics and control of electric vehicles

Atul Ray, Rajkumar Sarangi


Electric vehicles are gaining ever-increasing popularity owing to their independence to crude oil, low-emission characteristics and performance, ride and stability of such vehicles. In-wheel-electric vehicles are modern electric drive systems that are able to accommodate in vehicle wheel assemblies while allowing packaging adaptability by removing the power transmission systems and components such as shafts, gear box, and universal joints. The importance of electric vehicles, its different types such as in-wheel electric motors, hybrid, plug-in hybrid and electric vehicles (HEVs, PHEVs, and EVs, e.g. P/H/EVs) are will be covered. Yaw-moment control of electric vehicle for improving handling and stability, fuzzy logic direct yaw-moment control system for all-wheel-drive electric vehicles and an optimal torque distribution approach for electric vehicle equipped with four independent wheel motors to improve vehicle handling and stability performance is discussed. Further discussions and explanations are presented during the context of paper.

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